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native-americans: Init

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Simon Bruder 2 years ago
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  1. 1
      flake.nix
  2. 1
      index.html
  3. 28
      latex/native-americans/bibliography.bib
  4. 103
      latex/native-americans/handout.tex
  5. 155
      latex/native-americans/index.tex
  6. BIN
      latex/native-americans/rankin-reservations-density-transparent.png
  7. BIN
      latex/native-americans/rankin-us-map-transparent.png

1
flake.nix

@ -33,6 +33,7 @@
csquotes
datetime
datetime2
datetime2-english
datetime2-german
enumitem
fmtcount

1
index.html

@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
<li>Carl Sternheim: Die Hose (<a href="latex/die-hose/handout.pdf">Handout</a>)</li>
<li>Das Drama der Freiheit (<a href="latex/das-drama-der-freiheit/handout.pdf">Handout</a>)</li>
<li><a href="latex/ökologische-risiken-fossile-energie/index.pdf">Ökologische Risiken bei Abbau und Nutzung von fossilen Energieträgern</a></li>
<li><a href="latex/native-americans/index.pdf">Ethnic minorities in the US: Native Americans</a> (<a href="latex/native-americans/handout.pdf">Handout</a>)</li>
</ul>
</body>
</html>

28
latex/native-americans/bibliography.bib

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@online{cgp-grey-reservations-0,
author = {CGP Grey},
title = {'Indian' or 'Native American'? [Reservations, Part 0]},
date = {2019-11-24},
url = {https://youtu.be/kh88fVP2FWQ},
urldate = {2021-06-03},
}
@online{bia-faq,
author = {{Bureau of Indian Affairs}},
title = {Frequently Asked Questions},
url = {https://www.bia.gov/frequently-asked-questions},
urldate = {2021-06-03},
}
@online{minorityrights-native-americans,
author = {{Minority Rights Group International}},
title = {Native Americans},
url = {https://minorityrights.org/minorities/native-americans/},
urldate = {2021-06-13},
}
@online{rankin-reservations-map,
author = {Bill Rankin},
title = {THE UNITED STATES?},
year = {2003},
url = {http://www.radicalcartography.net/reservations.html},
urldate = {2021-06-03},
keywords = {image},
}

103
latex/native-americans/handout.tex

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% TeX program = xelatex
% vim: set spell spelllang=en_GB:
\documentclass[language=british]{../common/handout}
\usepackage{csquotes}
\usepackage[style=authortitle]{biblatex}
\addbibresource{bibliography.bib}
\title{Ethnic Minorities in the US: Native Americans}
\author{Simon Bruder}
\subject{}
\subject{Englisch \\
Christian-von-Bomhard-Schule}
\date{\DTMdisplaydate{2021}{06}{17}{-1}}
\begin{document}
\maketitle
\section{Name}
\begin{itemize}
\item Individual tribes named themselves “First People”
\item Europeans used “Indians”, which is seen as disrespectful due to its use
in conjunction with injustice
\item Alternative “Native Americans” has the problem of
\textit{overinclusivity} (not specific to continental US)
\item “American Indians” is widely used on reservations and by the tribal and
US government
\item More detailed discussion: \cite{cgp-grey-reservations-0}
\end{itemize}
\section{History}
\subsection{Pre-colonialisation}
\begin{itemize}
\item Population between 3 and 12 million
\item Over 600 societies with distinct cultures, languages and lifestyles
\item Complex social structures and collective decision-making (base for the
United States democracy)
\end{itemize}
\subsection{Conflicts with Colonial Powers and the Independent United States}
\begin{itemize}
\item Invasion of native lands due to rising immigration and need for more
space
\item Europeans brought diseases they were immune to but affected the Natives
\item Until 1975 the government tried multiple times to exterminate or
assimilate the Natives
\item Natives were forced onto far away reservations under futile resistance
\item Original land of the Natives was sold
\end{itemize}
\section{Overview}
\subsection{Population}
\begin{itemize}
\item 5.2 million people (1.7\,\%)
\item Not a homogeneous group: 574 federally recognised American Indian and
Alaska Native tribes
\end{itemize}
\subsection{Language}
\begin{itemize}
\item Speak English or traditional language
\item Over 300 Indigenous languages in the US
\item Only 175 of which are still spoken, projected to decline to 20 in 2050
\item Most widely spoken language: Navajo (166\,800)
\item Other languages have less than 20\,000 speakers
\end{itemize}
\subsection{Culture and Traditions}
\begin{itemize}
\item Majority forcefully converted to Christianity, but traditional
spirituality recently experienced a revival
\end{itemize}
\section{Reservations}
\begin{itemize}
\item 20\,\% live on reservations
\item Over 326 reservations
\item Often substandard housing (in some cases no electricity and indoor
plumbing)
\item Used as a dumping ground for toxic and nuclear waste
\item High rate of violence and crime
\end{itemize}
\section{Present-day Issues}
\begin{itemize}
\item Double of the average US unemployment and poverty rate with 8.9\,\% and
26.6\,\%
\item 30\,\% lower median household income (USD 38530)
\item Over-representation in jails
\end{itemize}
\appendix
\nocite{*}
\printbibliography[notkeyword=image]
\printbibliography[title=Images, keyword=image]
\end{document}

155
latex/native-americans/index.tex

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% TeX program = xelatex
% vim: set spell spelllang=en_GB:
\documentclass[aspectratio=1610]{beamer}
\usetheme[
numbering=fraction,
]{metropolis}
\usepackage[british]{babel}
\usepackage[useregional]{datetime2}
\usepackage{csquotes}
\usepackage[style=authortitle]{biblatex}
\addbibresource{bibliography.bib}
\renewcommand*{\bibfont}{\scriptsize}
\title{Ethnic Minorities in the US: Native Americans}
\author{Simon Bruder}
\subject{}
\institute{Englisch \\
Christian-von-Bomhard-Schule}
\date{\DTMdisplaydate{2021}{06}{17}{-1}}
\begin{document}
\begin{frame}
\begin{figure}
\pause
\includegraphics[height=.9\textheight]{rankin-us-map-transparent}
\pause
\caption{A map showing the mainland United States of America without American Indian reservations. \cite{rankin-reservations-map}.}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
\begin{frame}[plain, noframenumbering]
\maketitle
\end{frame}
\begin{frame}[plain, noframenumbering]{Table of Contents}
\tableofcontents
\end{frame}
\section{Name}
\begin{frame}{“Indian” or “Native American”?}
\begin{itemize}
\item Individual tribes named themselves “First People”
\item Europeans used “Indians”: Seen as disrespectful due to its use in conjunction with injustice
\item Alternative: “Native Americans”
\item Problem: \textit{overinclusivity} (not specific to continental US)
\item “American Indians” is widely used on reservations and by the tribal
and US governments
\item More detailed discussion: \cite{cgp-grey-reservations-0}
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
\section{History}
\begin{frame}{Pre-colonialisation}
\begin{itemize}
\item Population between 3 and 12 million
\item Over 600 societies with distinct cultures, languages and lifestyles
\item Complex social structures and collective decision-making
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
\begin{frame}{Conflicts with Colonial Powers}
\begin{itemize}
\item Invasion of native lands due to rising immigration
\item Natives were affected by novel diseases
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
\begin{frame}{Conflicts with the United States}
\begin{itemize}
\item Multiple tries to exterminate or assimilate the natives until 1975
\item Natives were forced onto far away reservations under futile resistance
\item Original land of the Natives was sold
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
\section{Overview}
\begin{frame}{Population}
\begin{itemize}
\item 5.2 million people (1.7\,\%)
\item Not a homogeneous group
\item 574 federally recognised American Indian and Alaska Native tribes
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
\begin{frame}{Language}
\begin{itemize}
\item Speak English or traditional language
\item Over 300 Indigenous languages in the US
\item Only 175 are still spoken (projected to decline to 20 in 2050)
\item Most widely spoken language: Navajo (166\,800)
\item Other languages have less than 20\,000 speakers
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
\begin{frame}{Culture and Traditions}
\begin{itemize}
\item Majority forcefully converted to Christianity
\item Traditional spirituality recently experienced a revival
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
\section{Reservations}
\begin{frame}<1>[label=reservations]{Reservations}
\begin{itemize}
\item<1-> Over 326 reservations
\item<1-> Largest reservation: Navajo Nation
\item<1-> 20\,\% live on reservations
\item<2-> Often substandard housing (no electricity and indoor plumbing)
\item<2-> Used as a dumping ground for toxic and nuclear waste
\item<2-> High rate of violence and crime
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
\begin{frame}
\begin{figure}
\includegraphics[width=.9\textwidth]{rankin-reservations-density-transparent}
\caption{Population distribution of people who identify as “American Indian
or Alaska Native” with reservation boundaries shown in magenta.
\cite{rankin-reservations-map}.}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
\addtocounter{framenumber}{-2}
\againframe<2>{reservations}
\addtocounter{framenumber}{1}
\section{Present-day Issues}
\begin{frame}{Present-day Issues}
\begin{itemize}
\item 8.9\,\% are unemployed
\item 26.6\,\% are below the poverty line
\item 30\,\% lower median household income (USD 38530)
\item Worse education opportunities
\item Over-representation in jails
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
\appendix
\nocite{*} % cite everything
\begin{frame}[noframenumbering]{Sources}
\printbibliography[heading=none, notkeyword=image]
\printbibliography[heading=none, keyword=image]
\end{frame}
\end{document}

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latex/native-americans/rankin-us-map-transparent.png (Stored with Git LFS)

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